A sonnet has 14 lines with the use of iambic pentameter meter. The two most prominent forms of sonnets include Shakespearean and Petrarchan, the former is English and the latter is Italian. Writing sonnet in its true spirit is described below, go ahead and explore the possibilities of how a sonnet could be written.
The best place to start your practice session is with Shakespearean sonnet. It is suitable for beginners as the rhyme structure and scheme is simple and straightforward. The sonnet always follows a pattern. The pattern is defined as ABABCDCDEFEFGG. The letters describe the sound of the last word of each line. According to the pattern the first and the third line have the same rhythm, similarly line two and four, line five and seven and lines six and eight go with the same rhyming until the sonnet is complete.
The Petrarchan does not have the same rhyme scheme or a single pattern as Shakespearean. But the octave (first eight lines) shows a rhyme scheme like ABBAABBA. The sestet (last six lines) will have variations. The most common patterns found in Petrarchan includes, CDCDCD, CDDCDC, CDECDE, CDECED,
CDCEDC. The limbic pentameter meter is similar to the Shakespearean sonnet. Where the lines follow, a “ta-TUM ta-TUM ta-TUM ta-TUM ta-TUM” model.
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